What rights do landlords and tenants have in North Cyprus?
If the tenant has an issue with the rent, the Rent Control Courts will assign an official Property Valuer who will determine a 'reasonable rent,' by assessing factors of the property such as its: age, size, location and condition. Additionally, the Landlord may not increase the rent by an absurd amount (say, double) without a Court Order permitting the increase.
Although proven quite difficult, landlords do have the right to evict tenants in certain circumstances. The law introduced the concept of a “statutory tenant” as someone whose tenancy has expired but who continues to remain in possession of the property.
What are the Grounds for Eviction?
In the event that one of the circumstances below arises, the Owner/Landlord may evict the Tenant - but ONLY where an Eviction Order is also granted by the Court:
· In the case whereby the Court is of the opinion that the tenant has caused unjustified damage to the property either due to a destructive act or negligence
· If the tenant is sub-letting whole or part of the property without the permission of the landlord and obtaining a direct or consequential profit by doing so
· Where the tenant is an employee of the landlord and the employment has ended
· If the owner/landlord has a need to modify or demolish the building with the approval of the Court (at least 1 months written notice should be given to tenant)
· If in accordance with any Law, the evacuation of the property is necessary to implement a development project in accordance with the law
· Where the property is required to be used by local authorities or in the case where there is a justified public interest in the opinion of the Court
· Where the Court deems it reasonable to issue a provision or an order for eviction
In the case where the tenant is evicted for reasons regarding the Landlord, for example for the reconstruction of the property (with permission of the Court) - he would be instructed to grant damages to the tenant accordingly. This may be by way of payment amounting to 9-18 months’ rent or by way of the right to a new tenancy after the reconstruction of the property.